Civil Engineering – Top Institutes to Study, Career opportunities

Civil Engineer

Are you interested in building your career in the field of design and construction? Do you wish to become the part of an exciting environment that make the world habitable? Then, Civil Engineering can be your wonderful choice.

What is Civil Engineering (CE)?

Civil Engineering involves the planning, designing, building, supervising, and maintenance of various infrastructure projects and systems. These include houses, buildings, roads, canals, bridges, sewage systems and water treatment facilities, tunnels, dams, airports, pipelines, various structural components of buildings, and railways.

The Civil Engineering syllabus usually includes;    

  • Water and Waste Water Engineering
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Water Resources Engineering
  • Surveying
  • Structural Analysis
  • Hydraulics
  • Design of steel structures
  • Design of RC structures
  • Solid Mechanics
  • Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering
  • IT and CAD

The various sub-disciplines of Civil Engineering are;

  • Coastal Engineering
  • Construction Engineering
  • Earthquake Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Forensic Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Water Resources Engineering
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Materials Science and Engineering
  • Civil Engineering Systems
  • Municipal or Urban Engineering
  • Surveying
  • Site development and planning
  • Materials Science and Engineering

What are the skills required?

The skills required for a Civil Engineer are;

  • Written communication skills
  • Mathematical skills
  • Oral communication skills
  • Leadership skills
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Organizational skills
  • Decision making


The eligibility to apply for Civil Engineering is to pass the class 10+12 exam from a recognized board. The core subjects must be physics, chemistry, and mathematics.

How to apply?

The admission to the course is obtained through various entrance examinations conducted by the authorities. The examinations are conducted at national, state, or university levels. Some institutions provide admission according to the merit list of qualifying examinations.

  • JEE Main is a national level entrance examination conducted by the CBSE board for providing admissions to B. Tech programs in the country.
  • JEE Advanced is an entrance examination conducted by one of the seven IITs namely, IIT Kanpur, IIT Delhi, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Madras, IIT Bombay, IIT Roorkee, and IIT Guwahati, or Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore under the supervision of Joint Admission Board (JAB).Civil Engineer

Top institutes in India to study Civil Engineering-

  • IIT Bombay
  • IIT Delhi
  • IIT Kanpur
  • IIT Kharagpur
  • IIT Madras
  • IIT Roorkee
  • BITS Pilani
  • IIT BHU Varanasi
  • IIT Guwahati
  • NIT, Trichy
  • Delhi Technological University
  • NIT, Warangal
  • NIT, Surathkal
  • Birla Institute of Technology

Top foreign universities to study Civil Engineering-

What does a Civil Engineer do?

A Civil Engineer plans, designs, constructs, and maintains all the infrastructures. Apart from buildings and bridges, they work in the aerospace industry. They design jetliners and space stations. They play a major role in the shipping industry. The role of a Civil Engineer in the automotive industry is wide and it involves the calculation of the load-carrying capacity of a chassis and improving the crash resistance of bumpers and doors.

Career opportunities-

The career opportunities for a Civil Engineer are vast. Plenty of careers are available in the public sector as well as in the private sector. These include:

  • Consulting Civil Engineer
  • Building control surveyor
  • CAD technician
  • Design Engineer
  • Contracting Civil Engineer
  • Nuclear Engineer
  • Water Engineer
  • Site Engineer
  • Structural Engineer
  • Rural and Urban Transport Engineer

Top companies

  • NTPC
  • BHEL
  • ONGC
  • HAL
  • GAIL
  • SAIL
  • IOCL
  • BSNL
  • ISRO
  • L & T
  • State governments jobs in PWD
  • Afcons Infrastructure Limited
  • Punj Lloyd
  • Newton Engineering & Chemicals Limited
  • Consolidated Construction Consortium Limited (CCCL)
  • Akme Projects Limited

Civil Engineering is one of the best branches of engineering you can choose after 12th. A lot of career opportunities are waiting for you in this field. If you are a person with good designing and organizational skill, Civil Engineering will be your best option.

You may also like to read Computer Science and Engineering


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